Darwin is situated in the capital city of the Northern Territory, Australia, on the Timor Sea. Darwin has a population of 120,652, making it by far the largest and most populated city in the sparsely populated Northern Territory, but the least populous of all Australia’s capital cities. It is the smallest and most northerly of the Australian capital cities, and acts as the Top End’s regional centre. Mining and administration are the main industries in Darwin.
Mining companies in Australia are leaders in economic exploration, mining, mineral processing and transforming raw minerals.
Australia has the most extensive mineral research and development programs and facilities in the world. Australia mostly originates innovative methods of mining and mineral. Uranium mining is the process of extraction of uranium ore from the ground. Most uranium mining is very volume-intensive, as uranium ore is mostly present at relatively low concentrations and thus tends to be undertaken as open-pit mining.
Top three producers of uranium in the world are Canada, Kazakhstan, and Australia.
24 percent of the planet’s known reserves of uranium is found in Australia. The majority of these reserves are located in South Australia with other important deposits in Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory.
The Argyle diamond mine is a diamond mine located in the Kimberley region of Western Australia. The Argyle mine is the largest diamond producer in the world by volume. It is the only known significant source of pink diamonds.
The largest mines are McArthur river (Canada), Ranger (Australia), Olympic dam (Australia), Krasnokamensk (Russia) and Rossing (Namibia).
The Rio Tinto Group is a diversified, multinational mining and resources group with headquarters in London, England and Melbourne, Australia.
Rio Tinto’s main business is the production of raw materials including copper, iron ore, coal, bauxite, diamonds, uranium, and industrial minerals including titanium dioxide, talc, salt, gypsum, and borates.
BHP Billiton is the world’s largest mining company. It was created in 2001 by the merger of Australia’s Broken Hill Proprietary Company (BHP) and the UK’s Billiton.
The company has nine primary operational units:
• Iron ore • Manganese • Petroleum • Aluminium • Base Metals (primary products include copper, lead, zinc and uranium) • Metallurgical Coal • Thermal Coal • Stainless Steel Materials (nickel and cobalt) • Diamonds & Speciality Products (diamonds and titanium minerals)